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A Step-by-Step Guide to Ip Address and Mac Address in hindi

A Step-by-Step Guide to Ip Address and Mac Address  in hindi
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hello 

friends aajke article me ham ip address or mac address ke baare me janege ki ye hota kya hai or kaise kaam karta hai or ye dono kisi network me kaise kaam karte hai  ager aapko networking me interest hai to aajka article aapke ke liye bahut helpful rahega 

ager aap networking me interest rakhte ho to aapko ese jarur read karna chaiye kyou ki ye networking ka ak most part hai or jo log networking me interest nhi rakhte but wo en trems ko janna chahte hai to un logo ko bhi me kehna chauga ki aap bhi es article ko pura read kariye me es article me aapko bahut hi simple language me 0 se smjhauga ager koi non technical person bhi ese read karega to use bhi ye pura samjh aa jayega to aap bhi ese jarur read kare

ager aap hmare blog par pehli baar aaye ho to me aapko btana chahuga ki es blog par aapko technology se releted topics par article regural publish kiye jate hai or ager aap hacking me interest rakhte hai to uske bare me bhi btaya jata hai to ager aap tech or hacking me interest rakhte ho to ye blog aapke liye best option hai 

aapko karna kya hai bas hmare blog ko follow karna hai jisse aapko hmare blog ki latest updates time par milti rhe aap hme facebook , twitter, google plus par follow kar sakte hai or ager aapne pehle se hme follow kar rkha hai to aapka bahut bahut dhanywad 

to chaliye ham ab aapka jada time na lete hua apne main topic par aate hai to chaliye ham ak ak karke 2 no ke baare me jaan lete hai 

 

ip address

ip address [internet protocol] sayad hi aap mese ase bahut kam log honge jo ip address ke baare me nhi jante hai ager aap internet use karte hai to ip address ka name to aapne khi na khi jarur suna hoga ye ak aasa trem hai jo network ke duniya me apne aap me alag hi pehchan bna rkha hai 

logo ne eska name to suna hai but unhe eske bare me nhi pta hai ki ye kya hai kyou use hota hai or network me eska kya kaam hai to chaliye me aapko eske baare me thoda or khul ke batata hu 

es duniya me jitne bhi network devices hai un sabhi ka apna ak unique code hota hai jo ese bnate time assign kiya jata hai  jise ham mac address bolte hai esi mac address se ham kisi devices ki pahchan kar sakte hai thik esi prekaar network me communication karne ke liye sabhi device ko unke internet service  provider [ISP] se ak unique code diya jata hai jise ip address bolte hai ye ip aapki identification hoti hai kisi network me jis tarh mac address apke device ki pehchan hota hai 

esi ip address ki help se koi bhi do device network me communicate kar pata hai or data ip ki help se shi destination par  send ya receive hota hai ip address apka tab assign kiya jata hai jab aap internet se connect hote ho ager aap internet se connect nhi ho tab aapki koi ip nhi hoti  or aapki  ip static ip nhi hoti eska mtlab ip address aapki change hoti rehti hai apke internet service provider [ISP] dwra 

ye to hui basic knowledge ki baat ab ham eske format ke bare me jaan lete hai ki ese kis format me bnaya jata hai  or esme konsi technology use ki jati hai 

 

Format off ip address 

Ip address 4 part me divide rehta hai or har part ke end me [.] Sign Lga hota hai har part me 0 se 255 tak ki rang mese koi bhi value ho sakti hai chaliye ak ip address dekh lete hai 

192.45.11.76

Aap upar dekh sakte hai ye ak ip address hai ye ip address unique hoti hai pure word me taki kisi ko network me easily identify kiya ja sake or uske location ka pta lgaya ja ske

Ager dekha jaye to hme normally do trah ki ip address dekhne ko milti hai 

 

1. Static ip address 

Static yani ki kabhi na change ho asi ip address jo aapki kabhi change na ho es trah ki ip address ke liye aapko aapke internet service provider [ISP] ko kuch paise dene padte hai or wo aapko static ip address provide karti hai 


2
.dynamic ip address 

Es trah ki ip address change hoti rahti hai hmari jo ip address hoti hai wo dynamic ip address hoti hai aap jab bhi internet se connect hote ho har baar aapko aapke internet service provider [isp] se alag ip address assign ki jati hai 

 

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Ip address technology [standard]

Starting me jab internet aaya tha tab etne devices nhi the market me us time en sabhi devices ko unique ip address assign karna easy tha but jaise jaise time nikalta gya or technology badhti gai to market me devices ki quantity bhi badhti gai 

To es condition me sabhi devices ko unique ip address dena muskil ho gya kyouki starting me jo technology use ho rhi thi usme limited devices ko hi ip address assign ki ja sakti thi but aane wale time me devices ki quantity ko dekhte hua ak or technology ko develop kiya gya chaliye ham dekh lete hai en dono technology ko 

 

Ip version 4 [ IPv4 ]

Es technology ko stating me use kiya jata tha eski limit 4,294,967,296 thi jo ki future ke liye kaafi nhi thi es technology me ip address 32 bit lamba hota tha ye technology aaj bhi use ki jati hai jab aap local area network me hote ho to us time aapki jo ip hoti hai wo esi technology se hoti hai

 

Ip version 6 [ IPv6 ]

Internet ki mang ko dekhte hua khi IPv4 technology band na ho jaye future me esko dekhte hua IPv6 version ko launch kiya gya es technologie me koi bhi address 128 bit lamba ho sakta hai 

IPv4 version me kewal dixit number hi assign kiya ja sakta tha but IPv6 version me alphabet or dixit dono ko assign kiya jata hai es technology ke aane se ab future me ip address ki hone wali kmi ko dur kiya gya hai 

Es technology me bahut saare address hai jisse aane wale kai saalo tak ip address ki kmi nhi ho sakti IPv6 version ke kisi ip address ki baat kre to wo kuch es prakaar dikhta hai 

2405:205:1305:a0ff:1b3a:ae1b:e3a0:bd1f

 

ip class

 

ip address, mac address  

 

IPv4 version ke anusaar 5 class me ip address ko divide kiya gya hai classA, classB, classC , classD or classC jinme se ham kewal class A , ClassB ,ClassC tak hi use me lete hai sab class ki rang fixed hai to according to host or destination device ki range ke according esme se koi ak class ki ip assign ki jati hai user ko 

 

what is my ip 

ager aap apni ip address ko dekhna chahte hai to aap ese dekh sakte hai uske liye aapko sabse pehle google par jana hoga or search bar me ” what is my ip ” search karna hoga search karte hi aapki ip aapke samne show ho jayegi

 

ip address, mac address

 

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Mac address

mac address [media access control ] ese aap phisical addresss bhi bol sakte hai ye sabhi electronic or networking device ka ak unique or parmanent address hota hai 

jab companies en electronic or network device [computer, printer, router, phone] ko modify karti hai to wo us time in sabhi devices ko  ak unique address assign karti hai jise  mac address bolte hai ye mac address un sabhi  device ke hardware ki ak unique pehcha hoti hai  

mac address 12 disit ka hexadecimal number  hai jo 2-2 ke pair me hota hai

 

ip address, mac address

 

upar aap image me dekh sakte hai ye ak lan card hai jo aapke computer me network ko access karne ke liye lgaya jata hai to aap espe mac address dekh sakte hai ye 12 disit ka unique code hai jo sabhi network device par hota hai

mac address se internet service provide [isp] kisi bhi device ko jo uske network me hai use easily track kar sakta hai yani wo ye pta lga sakta hai ki network me kon data ke packets send kar rha hai or kon use receive kar rha hai  

to mac address se kisi device ko network me track kar pana easy ho jata hai waise ye kaam aap ip address  se bhi kar sakte ho but aapki ip dynamic ip hoti hai jo change hoti rehti hai  to kbhi kbhi ip address se track kar pana muskil ho jata hai but mac to kisi device ka permanent address hai to mac address ak accha option hota hai  

aapne dekha hoga kisi place par particural kisi ak devices me aap net access nhi kar sakte kya aapne socha hai ye kaise hota hai es sab ke piche bhi mac address ka hath hai jo wha wifi routers hote hai usme us devices ke mac address ko block kar diya jata hai jisse wo internet access nhi kar sakta hai 

esi trah aapki telecom company aapke data pack khatam ho jane par aapke mac address ko block kar deti hai jisse aap net access nhi kar sakte 

 

use off mac address

> ager aapka laptop khi kho gya hai to mac address ki help se aap apne laptop ko    easily track kar skate hai

> ager aapke pass ak router hai or aap us router ke administrator hai to ager            kisiko aapke router ka password pta hai or wo aapke router se connect hai to ase me ager aap chahe to us person ko hmesha ke liye block kar sakte hai

jisse wo aapke router se kbhi connect nhi ho payega eske liye aapko apne router ke setting me mac address Filter ON karke us person ke mac address ko yha daal   dena hoga

> jab aap kisi telecom company ka bill time par pay nhi karte ho es condition me      telecom company bhi aapke mac address ko block kar deti hai jisse aap internet    access nhi kar pate

> koi bhi electronic and network device ak dusre se mac address dwara hi connect    hote hai or ak dusre se communication kar pate hai

> kisi network me kon data ke packets send kar rha hai or kon receive kar rha hai    eska pta bhi mac address se hmare internet service provider [isp]  lgate hai 

 

 

what is mac address 

ager aap aapne device [ computer, mobile ] ka mac address pta karna chahte hai to aap kar sakte hai uske liye aapko simply command put karna hoga apne computer me to chaliye dekh lete hai 

step1-  sabse pehle aapko command mode open karna hai uske liye aap win+r key press kare

step2- ab apko yha cmd put karke enter kar dena hai

ip address, mac address


ab jo window open hogi usme aap do command put kar sakte hai

1.ipconfig /all
2.getway


jaise hi aap en dono mese koi ak command put karke enter karte ho to aapke samne aapke computer ka mac address show ho jayega

 

ip address, mac address


agar aapko apne mobile ka mac address dekhna hai to aapko setting>about phone>status me jana hai or aapko yha aapke mobile ka mac address mil jayega  

 

ip address, mac address

 

to dekha aapne ip address or mac address kya hai or eska kya importent hai network me i hope ki aapko es article se kuch smjh aa gya hoga or ager aapko ip address or mac address ke baare me or kuch janna hai ya fir aapko es article me kuch samjh nhi aaya hai to aap comment karke puch sakte hai

to aajke article me bas etna hi milte  hai agle article me kuch asi hi  tech se related or intresting  topics ke sath jisse aapko kuch sikhne ko mile 

tab tak ke liye haste rahiye muskurate rahiye bye bye and tack care 

Thank You 🙂

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